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Lorem Sit Amet Dolor
Researcher: Lorem Sit Amet

123 abc lane, Townsville, ZZ 00000, USA
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A MOUSE MODEL OF HIST1H3B / ACVR1 MUTANT DIPG
Translational
DIPG, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
Lay Summary

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a malignant brainstem tumour arising in children representing a major unmet clinical need, with a 2-year survival rate close to zero. With chemotherapy ineffective and surgical intervention not possible, new therapeutic approaches are urgently needed based upon the unique biological mechanisms driving DIPG tumorigenesis. We recently discovered 25% of DIPGs to harbour somatic mutations in the gene ACVR1, not seen in any other form of human cancer, but when present in the germline causative of the congenital malformation syndrome fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP). DIPG patients with these mutations represent a specific tumour subtype which may benefit from new therapies directed against ACVR1, although little is known about precisely what this gene does in these tumours. We plan to generate a unique model of this disease subtype by combining our existing mice with ACVR1mutation with new gene editing techniques aimed at knocking out other key genes required for DIPGs to form. This model will be used to understand the biology of these tumours as well as screen a range of drugs which may eventually be used in clinical trials for children with this subtype. 

Executive Summary

In patient-derived models, targeted inhibition of ACVR1has shown some modest efficacy, suggesting that it may represent a good target for novel drug development. Despite this, little is known about the precise role of mutant ACVR1in DIPG development and/or maintenance, and there is a dearth of available immunocompetent mouse models for biological and preclinical study. 

 

Scientific Merit

We have used Applied Stem Cell’s TARGATT technology to produce founders with site-specific integration of mutant ACVR1and HIST1H3Btransgenes. We plan to combine these established TET-ON HIST1H3B / ACVR1mice with novel CRISPR-basedin uterotumour suppressor gene knockout (e.g. Pten, Bcor) to generate such mouse models of this subtype of the disease. Models will be fully molecularly and phenotypically characterised, with regulable transgenes allowing for assessing the development contexts in which ACVR1and HIST1H3Bmutations interact. Bioluminescent markers are included for assessment of tumour burden in preclinical drug screening experiments.As well as providing novel insights into the role of mutant ACVR1in DIPG tumorigenesis, generation of an immunocompetent model of this subgroup ofDIPG will be used for preclinical screening of our ongoing candidate single agent and combination approaches.

 

Feasibility

All techniques for breeding and maintenance of genetically engineered mouse models are well established within the ICR’s Biological Services Unit and the Centre for Cancer Imaging. Within the Jones lab we have a postdoctoral research fellow with experience and expertise with the in uteroelectroporation protocols from a previous placement at University College London. All CRISPR/Cas9-based techniques are used routinely by numerous members of the lab. With the HIST1H3B / ACVR1transgenic mice already in place, combining with the these gene editing approaches is entirely feasible within the timelines of this grant. 

 

Expertise

The Jones lab is an international leader in the genomic characterisation of pGBM / DIPG samples, and has published extensively on the molecular profiling of these tumours as well as detailed functional assessment of their defining mutations. We co-discovered the presence of ACVR1 mutations in DIPG and have recently provided the first preclinical assessment of inhibitors directed against the receptor. We form part of the INSTINCT network with Great Ormond Street Hospital and Newcastle University, and the CRUK Children’s Brain Tumour Centre of Excellence (with the University of Cambridge), particularly focussed on drug development for high risk paediatric brain tumours. Chris Jones is biology lead on the HERBY and BIOMEDE clinical trials, and former Chair of the Biology Subcommittee of the SIOPE HGG / DIPG Working Group, allowing rapid dissemination of results and clinical translation. 

Description of Research Proposal

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Pellentesque nibh erat, egestas sit amet sagittis malesuada, rhoncus at neque. Mauris maximus commodo tortor, non egestas magna finibus vitae. Sed hendrerit nulla vel venenatis tempor. Suspendisse tristique tincidunt libero et placerat. Nam tincidunt condimentum lorem, vel pharetra est iaculis sed. Nullam ac tincidunt orci. Quisque pharetra ut sem sit amet aliquam. Phasellus risus libero, varius in condimentum vel, commodo id ipsum. Aliquam in metus cursus, mattis diam ut, aliquam magna. Suspendisse facilisis dui et orci varius, suscipit facilisis augue dapibus. In eget nibh ipsum. Suspendisse eget pharetra est, quis condimentum felis. Fusce scelerisque congue libero, sed aliquam mi elementum a. Etiam scelerisque ante non auctor porta. Nam eu nunc id ex finibus dictum. Praesent dui ex, dictum ac massa eget, rutrum gravida nisi.

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Budget

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer gravida non felis non euismod. Fusce finibus aliquet consequat. Nam ac metus bibendum, iaculis purus sed, suscipit ligula. Proin et nisi libero. Mauris non urna urna. Nullam augue eros, fringilla sed mauris vitae, porta tincidunt risus. Aliquam sed tincidunt sem. Quisque lacinia quam tortor, imperdiet efficitur odio iaculis in. Sed ultricies condimentum volutpat. Vivamus dignissim faucibus porta.

Curabitur ut ipsum non odio malesuada vulputate. Morbi maximus, est eu lobortis molestie, tortor sapien hendrerit nisi, in cursus odio diam ut odio. Fusce pulvinar volutpat velit. Aliquam erat volutpat. Integer rhoncus mollis suscipit. Praesent non ipsum mollis, finibus nunc a, scelerisque nibh. In feugiat iaculis velit, eu semper lacus dignissim nec. Praesent vitae nisi leo. Cras venenatis dictum magna ut semper. Sed eget eros nibh. Sed vitae quam sed dolor faucibus elementum. Curabitur interdum porttitor finibus. Nullam tincidunt odio lectus, sit amet rhoncus libero dapibus sed. Sed mollis egestas enim, vel porta tortor volutpat eget.

Morbi orci urna, ornare non pretium eget, pulvinar eget magna. Ut consectetur efficitur varius. Fusce ac aliquet mauris, at mattis ligula. Quisque est libero, interdum id orci et, ornare luctus diam. Proin commodo lectus id accumsan blandit. Nulla eu turpis interdum, luctus ante ac, imperdiet tellus. In semper enim eu tristique aliquam.

Collaborations and Conflicts of Interest

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer gravida non felis non euismod. Fusce finibus aliquet consequat. Nam ac metus bibendum, iaculis purus sed, suscipit ligula. Proin et nisi libero. Mauris non urna urna. Nullam augue eros, fringilla sed mauris vitae, porta tincidunt risus. Aliquam sed tincidunt sem. Quisque lacinia quam tortor, imperdiet efficitur odio iaculis in. Sed ultricies condimentum volutpat. Vivamus dignissim faucibus porta.

Curabitur ut ipsum non odio malesuada vulputate. Morbi maximus, est eu lobortis molestie, tortor sapien hendrerit nisi, in cursus odio diam ut odio. Fusce pulvinar volutpat velit. Aliquam erat volutpat. Integer rhoncus mollis suscipit. Praesent non ipsum mollis, finibus nunc a, scelerisque nibh. In feugiat iaculis velit, eu semper lacus dignissim nec. Praesent vitae nisi leo. Cras venenatis dictum magna ut semper. Sed eget eros nibh. Sed vitae quam sed dolor faucibus elementum. Curabitur interdum porttitor finibus. Nullam tincidunt odio lectus, sit amet rhoncus libero dapibus sed. Sed mollis egestas enim, vel porta tortor volutpat eget.