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Results: 65

Clinical, radiologic, and molecular characteristics of anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomas

  Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomas (PXAs) are uncommon brain cancers in children and young adults. World Health Organization (WHO) grade II PXAs (low-grade gliomas), which account for most such tumors, can be cured by complete surgery. Aggressive variants (i.e., anaplastic PXAs), which are rare, were only recognized by the WHO classification ...

Exploring Combination Therapy for DIPG: SGI-110 and GAA Vaccine

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) are some of the deadliest childhood brain tumors. The immune system protects the body by recognizing targets on harmful cells, but tumor cells can “switch off” the targets and hide from the immune system. We have been using a vaccine that can target ...

Targeting mitochondria-lysosome crosstalk as a therapeutic strategy for glioblastoma multiforme

Glioblastoma is the most common brain tumor. It is aggressive, and the therapeutic strategies focused on surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are unable to destroy the tumor, which typically reappears post-treatment. The regrowth happens because the treatments are not able to destroy the cells that originate the tumor, called glioblastoma stem ...

Development of immunocompetent animal models for pediatric high-grade glioma and ...

Brain tumors are the leading cause of cancer-related death in children, with high-grade glioma (pHGG) and diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) carrying the worst prognosis, with no chance of cure. Over the past years, the prognosis of other aggressive cancer types has improved thanks to scientific breakthroughs in the field ...

Repurposing antimalarial drugs for DIPG therapy

Diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs) are rare but highly aggressive brain tumors found in the pons, an area of the brainstem that controls many of the body’s most vital functions such as breathing, blood pressure, and heart rate. Despite DIPG being the leading cause of pediatric death by ...